Alas'kaaq (Pacific Gulf Yupik)
|State of Alaska|
The Last Frontier
|Anthem: Alaska's Flag|
Map of the United States with Alaska highlighted
|Before statehood||Territory of Alaska|
|Admitted to the Union||January 3, 1959 (49th)|
|• Governor||Mike Dunleavy (R)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Kevin Meyer (R)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. House delegation||Don Young (R) (at-large) (list)|
|• Total||663,268 sq mi (1,717,856 km2)|
|• Land||571,951 sq mi (1,481,346 km2)|
|• Water||91,316 sq mi (236,507 km2) 13.77%|
|• Length||1,420 mi (2,285 km)|
|• Width||2,261 mi (3,639 km)|
|Elevation||1,900 ft (580 m)|
|Highest elevation||20,310 ft (6,190.5 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||1.26/sq mi (0.49/km2)|
|• Density rank||50th|
|• Median household income||$73,181|
|• Income rank||8th|
|• Official language||Ahtna, Alutiiq, Dena'ina, Deg Xinag, English, Eyak, Gwich'in, Haida, Hän, Holikachuk, Inupiaq, Koyukon, Lower Tanana, St. Lawrence Island Yupik, Tanacross, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Unangax̂, Upper Kuskokwim, Upper Tanana, Yup'ik|
|• Spoken language|
|east of 169°30'||UTC−09:00 (Alaska)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−08:00 (ADT)|
|west of 169°30'||UTC−10:00 (Hawaii-Aleutian)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−09:00 (HADT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-AK|
|Latitude||51°20'N to 71°50'N|
|Longitude||130°W to 172°E|
|Alaska state symbols|
The Flag of Alaska
The Seal of Alaska
|Dog breed||Alaskan Malamute|
|Insect||Four-spot skimmer dragonfly|
|Other||Dog mushing (state sport)|
|State route marker|
Released in 2008
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Alaska (/ /(listen)) is a state in the United States. It is in the Northwest corner of the continent of the United States West Coast. Alaska does not touch any other US state. It has borders with Canada, the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Bering Sea, and the Bering Strait.
Alaska is the biggest state in the United States. It is the 3rd least populated state. It has the lowest population density of all the states. About half of the population of Alaska lives in the Anchorage metropolitan area. As of the 2011 census, 722,718 people live in Alaska.
The United States bought Alaska from Russia on March 30, 1867. This was called the Alaska Purchase. It cost $7.2 million. Today, that would be $120 million. The price was about $0.02 per acre ($4.74/km2). Alaska became an organized (or incorporated) territory on May 11, 1912. It became the 49th state on January 3, 1959.
The name Alaska comes from the Aleut word alaxsaq. This means "the mainland" or "the object towards which the action of the sea is directed." The land is also called Alyeska, which is another Aleut word that means "the great land." The Russian name was Аляска.
The capital city is Juneau, but the biggest city is Anchorage. Alaska is the biggest state in the United States, but it almost has the least people. Alaska has almost 20% of all the land in the U.S., but only about 0.2% of the people. It is not connected to any other states by American land, but it is connected to Canada.
Alaska has many glaciers, some of which are can be seen from passing cruise ships. Some are coastal, and others are not by the ocean. It is a popular tourist destination, as there is a very rich culture along with beautiful scenery. There are many wild animals in Alaska. Some of them are the brown bear, the moose, and the wolf.
There are some important industries in Alaska, like oil, fishing, mining, and forestry. Oil is the biggest industry in Alaska. Most of the oil is very far north in the Alaskan arctic. A very long pipeline starts at the northern coast of Alaska and runs to the southern coast. It is over 800 miles (1,300 km) long. There were many gold rushes in Alaska.
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