Grammatical number

Grammatical number is the way numbers and counting are fitted into sentences.[1]

Most languages have ways to express differences of number.

That apple on the table is fresh.
Those two apples on the table are fresh.

Common categories of grammatical number are singular (one) or plural (not one). Some languages, also have a notion of dual, for two, or paucal for "a few". Some languages (for example Chinese) do not have the concept of grammatical number. In these languages, numbers (or other quantifiers) are used, if necessary. Finally, there may be words which only have one form, or which are not countable.

Advanced sources


  1. "What is Number?", Dictionary of Linguistic Terms , SIL.

Categories: Linguistics

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