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Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Hēunggóng Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
(Hong Kong Cantonese)
City flower
  • Bauhinia blakeana
  • 洋紫荊
  • Joengzīgìng
StatusSpecial administrative region
Official languages
Official scripts
Ethnic groups
GovernmentDevolved executive-led parliamentary system within socialist republic
Carrie Lam[1]
Matthew Cheung
• Financial Secretary
Paul Chan Mo-po
• Secretary for Justice
Rimsky Yuen
• Council President
Andrew Leung
• Chief Justice
Geoffrey Ma
National representation
36 deputies (of 2,924)
• Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
203 delegates[4]
LegislatureLegislative Council
Autonomy within the People's Republic of China
26 January 1841
• Treaty of Nanking
29 August 1842
• Convention of Peking
18 October 1860
• Extension of Hong Kong Territory
9 June 1898
25 December 1941
to 15 August 1945
• Transfer of sovereignty
from United Kingdom

1 July 1997
• Total
2,755[5] km2 (1,064 sq mi) (184th)
• Water (%)
59.8 (1,649 km2; 637 sq mi)[6][7]
• 2017 estimate
7,389,500[8] (100th)
• Density
6,544[3]/km2 (16,948.9/sq mi) (4th)
GDP (PPP)2016[9] estimate
• Total
$429.652 billion (44th)
• Per capita
$58,322 (11th)
GDP (nominal)2016[9] estimate
• Total
$320.668 billion (33th)
• Per capita
$43,528 (16th)
Gini (2016) 53.9[10]
HDI (2015) 0.917[11]
very high · 12th
CurrencyHong Kong dollar (HK$) (HKD)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+852
ISO 3166 codeHK
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Cantonese is the de facto standard.
  2. ^ For all government use, documents written using Traditional Chinese characters are authoritative over ones inscribed with Simplified Chinese characters. English shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings.[12][13][14]

Hong Kong (/ˌhɒŋˈkɒŋ/ (listen); Chinese: 香港, Hong Kong Cantonese: [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ] (listen), literally "Fragrant Port"), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is one of two Special Administrative Regions (SARs) of the People's Republic of China (the other is Macau). It is one of the richest and most highly developed places in China and even the world. Hong Kong grew quickly in the decades after World War II. It is now a famous world class financial center.

The population of Hong Kong is more than seven million. The economy has rapidly grown from a trading port to a very rich city.

Hong Kong is divided into 3 main parts:

Hong Kong was a British colony from 1842 to 1997 because China lost the Second Opium War. After the Handover, Hong Kong became a part of China.

Hong Kong has its own constitution that is different from that of the People's Republic of China (PRC).



Hong Kong is in a tropical area, and has monsoon winds. It is cool and wet in winter (Jan-Mar), hot and rainy from spring through summer (Apr-Sep), and warm, sunny and dry in the autumn (Oct-Dec). The rainy season is from May until September. In summer and early autumn, there is a frequent threat of typhoons. As Hong Kong is located nearly at the centre of the Eurasian Plate, there are seldom tsunamis and earthquakes.

Population and language

The population of Hong Kong reached 7 million in 2009. Most of the people in Hong Kong are Chinese. Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It has an overall density of 6,300 people per square kilometre.

Hong Kong has one of the world’s lowest birth rates—1.11 per woman of child-bearing age as of 2012. This is far below the rate needed to replace each person, 2.1.

People from Hong Kong mainly speak Cantonese. Students are required to learn English at school. Ever since Hong Kong became a part of China, the number of people who speak Mandarin has increased because Mandarin is the official language of the PRC.

Public holidays

17 days of the year are public holidays in Hong Kong:


There are coins from 10 cents to 10 Hong Kong Dollars; and bank-notes (paper money bills) from $10 to $1000. One American dollar is equal to about $7.75 in Hong Kong Dollars, at the official bank exchange rate.

Public transport



In 1994, four places became universities:

Three more places have since become universities:

Housing in Hong Kong

Hong Kong has the most unaffordable housing market in the world. This according to a study which compared ninety metropolitan areas in different countries.[15] An article in the National Post on July 6, 2019, said that the cause of the protests is not the proposed extradition law alone, but also the high cost of housing.[16]

Timeline of Hong Kong

Here is a brief history of Hong Kong:

Around 4000 BC

Around 3500 BC

Around 2000 BC

Around 500 BC

221 BC

220 BC






January 26, 1841

August 1841








December 8, 1941

December 25, 1941

August 1945









July 1, 1997


June 2002


March 10, 2005

June 16, 2005

March 2012






Hong Kong has a few media companies, notably Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB).

Places in Hong Kong



  1. https://supchina.com/2017/04/10/dire-state-female-representation-chinese-government/
  2. "Basic Law Full Text - Annex III" . Hong Kong Government. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Main Tables - Population by Ethnicity and Year" . 2016 Population By-Census. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  4. Cheung, Tony (28 February 2017). "Who goes there? Hong Kong's participation in China's 'two sessions' explained" . South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  5. CIA The World Fact Book
  6. "Maps and Services" Survey and Mapping Office
  7. "Hong Kong Geographic Data" (PDF). Retrieved 1 Sep 2017.
  8. "Population – Overview – Census and Statistics Department" .
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Hong Kong" . International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  10. "Thematic Report : Household Income Distribution in Hong Kong 2016" (PDF). Government of Hong Kong. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  11. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  12. "Hong Kong – the Facts" . GovHK. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  13. "OFFICIAL LANGUAGES DIVISION" . Civil Service Bureau. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  14. "Disclaimer and Copyright Notice" . Legislative Council. 27 November 2017.
  15. https://business.financialpost.com/opinion/why-ottawas-attempts-to-help-young-canadians-afford-housing-simply-wont-work
  16. https://nationalpost.com/news/real-cause-of-Hong-Kong-protests-is-cost-of-housing
  17. https://nationalpost.com/news/world/black-clad-anti-extradition-protesters-flood-streets-of-hong-kong
  18. https://www.theepochtimes.com/by-involving-north-korea-and-iran-beijing-tries-to-divert-public-attention-from-mass-protest-in-hong-kong_2968897.html
  19. https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_protesters_surround_downtown_police_complex
  20. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-48715221

Other websites

Categories: Hong Kong

Source: Wikipedia - https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong Kong (Authors [History])    License : CC-by-sa-3.0

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