Mecca


Mecca

مكة المكرمة
Makkah al-Mukarramah

Makkah
The Holy City of Mecca
Masjid al-Haram and the center of Mecca
Nickname(s): 
Umm al-Qura ("Mother of All Settlements")
Coordinates:
Country Saudi Arabia
ProvinceMakkah Province
Founded byProphet Ismā'īl
(Islamic Tradition)
Government
 • MayorOsama al-Bar
 • Provincial GovernorKhalid al-Faisal
Area
 • City760 km2 (290 sq mi)
 • Urban
850 km2 (330 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,200 km2 (500 sq mi)
Elevation
277 m (909 ft)
Population
 (2012)[source?]
 • City2,000,000
 • Density4,200/km2 (2,625/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,353,912
 • Metro
2,900,000
 Mecca Municipality estimate
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (AST)
Postal Code
(5 digits)
Area code(s)+966-2
Websitewww.holymakkah.gov.sa

Mecca or Makkah (called Mecca in older texts, officially: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: مكة المكرمة‎) is a city in Saudi Arabia. As of the 2004 census, 1,294,169 people lived there. The city is 73 kilometres (45 mi) inland from Jeddah, in the narrow sandy Valley of Abraham. It is 277 metres (909 ft) above sea level. It is 81 kilometres (50 mi) from the Red Sea.

Mecca is the holiest city in the Islamic world. Every year, millions of Muslims take a pilgrimage to Mecca, called the Hajj. They follow in the footsteps of Muhammad. All Muslims who are able to perform the Hajj are expected to do so at least once in their life. The Kaaba and Masjid al-Haram, are the holiest mosques in Islam. Mecca is closed to non-Muslims except for some journalists reporting on the Hajj.

History


The Kaaba, the small cubical building which Muslims pray towards is believed to have been built by Ibrahim and has been a religious center ever since. Muslims believed that God commanded Ibrahim to send his second wife Hajar and her son Ismail there.[2] They found the Zamzam Well which led to people settling nearby, and thus Makkah was born. When Ismail was big enough, he helped his father to build the Kaaba. The Kaaba is the place towards which Muslims turn in prayer. This is known as the Qibla .[3]

References


  1. Mecca Municipality . Holymakkah.gov.sa. Retrieved on 2013-02-03.
  2. The Qur'an 14:37
  3. The Qur'an 2:217

Other websites









Categories: Mecca




Information as of: 28.10.2020 07:15:25 CET

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