(Redirected from Organisation_for_Economic_Co-operation_and_Development)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
|José Ángel Gurría|
• as the OEECa
|16 April 1948|
• reformed as the OECD
|30 September 1961|
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization of countries. Member countries of OECD all have a democratic system of government. They also accept the principle of a free economy. A country has a free economy when its government does not control the economic activities of its citizens and companies.
The OECD started 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). The Second World War had just ended three years before in 1945. Some countries of Europe came together to form OEEC to help each other re-build their industry and other things destroyed in the Second World War. Later on, some non-European countries also joined this organization. In 1960, OEEC changed its name, and it became OECD: the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
The OECD's headquarters are at the Château de la Muette in Paris.
OECD has thirty-six member countries, of which 19 became members in 1961. These countries are:
- United Kingdom
- United States
17 countries joined OECD after 1961. The names of these countries (with the year they joined in brackets), are:
- Italy (1962)
- Japan (1964)
- Finland (1969)
- Australia (1971)
- New Zealand (1973)
- Mexico (1994)
- Czechia (1995)
- Hungary (1996)
- South Korea (1996)
- Slovakia (2000)
- Chile (2010)
- Estonia (2010)
- Israel (2010)
- Slovenia (2010)
- Latvia (2016)
- Lithuania (2018)
- Jordan (2019)
Colombia is set to become the 38th member.
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- OECD iLibrary - OECD's portal for books, reports, statistics, working papers and journals
- International Futures Programme
- OECD Forum
- Text of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
- The OECD Observer
- OECD Statistical portal
- OECD-UNDP Partnership for Democratic Governance
- Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes
Information as of: 24.05.2020 10:32:10 CEST
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