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Pope Sixtus IV




Sixtus IV
Papacy began9 August 1471
Papacy ended12 August 1484
PredecessorPope Paul II
SuccessorPope Innocent VIII
Personal details
Birth nameFrancesco della Rovere
Born21 July 1414
Celle Ligure
Died12 August 1484
Rome, Italy
Other Popes named Sixtus

Pope Sixtus IV (Latin: Xystus Quartus; 21 July 1414 - 12 August 1484),[1] originally Francesco della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 213th Pope from 1471 until his death in 1484.[2]

He is known for beginning construction of the Sistine Chapel.[3]

Contents

Early life


Della Rovere was born in Celle Ligure, a town near Savona in Liguria.[3] His family was important.[4]

As a young man, he joined the Franciscan Order. He rose in the order to head of the Franciscans in Liguria.[3]

Della Rovere studied philosophy and theology at the University of Pavia; and he lectured at Padua, Bologna, Pavia, Siena, and Florence.[3]

Cardinal


In 1467, Pope Paul II raised della Rovere to the rank of Cardinal.[3]

Pope


He was elected pope on August 9, 1471.[5] He took the name Sixtus because the first day of the conclave which elected him pope was the Feast Day of St. Sixtus.[6]

Pope Sixtus was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[7]

Papal actions

Legacy

Sixtus ordered the building of the Ponte Sisto (Sistine Bridge) across the Tiber River.[3]

The Vatican Library was enlarged during the reign of Sixtus; and the number of manuscripts grew ten times larger—from 360 during the reign of Pope Nicholas V to 3650.[8]

Related pages


References


  1. Note that the first three popes are called "Xystus" in ancient records. Sixtus or Xystus was a Roman name which was Latinized from the Greek name "Ξυστος." This name means "polished." This name is not to be confused with the common Roman name "Sextus" which means "sixth".
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "Pope Sixtus IV," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  4. Sixtus IV was the uncle of Pope Julius II.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Chisholm, Hugh (1911). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information . Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 164.
  6. Guruge, Anura (2010). The Next Pope . Anura Guruge. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-615-35372-2.
  7. The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge . C. Knight. 1842. p. 72.
  8. Seldes, George. The Vatican: yesterday, today, tomorrow . Taylor & Francis. p. 30.

Other websites


Media related to Sixtus IV at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Paul II
Pope
1471–1484
Succeeded by
Innocent VIII








Categories: Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference | Italian popes | 1414 births | 1484 deaths | House of della Rovere








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