Republic of Cyprus
Republic of Cyprus
Coat of arms
Anthem: Ethnikós Ýmnos tis Kypriakís Dimokratías
Εθνικος Υμνος τις Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας
National Anthem of the Republic of Cyprus1
and largest city
|Nicosia (Λευκωσία, Lefkoşa)|
|Official languages||Greek, Turkish|
|Recognised regional languages||Armenian, Cypriot Arabic|
|Ethnic groups |
|Demonym(s)||Cypriot, Greek Cypriot, Turkish Cypriot|
from the United Kingdom
• Zürich and London Agreement
|19 February 1959|
|16 August 1960|
|9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (167th)|
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
|803,147 (Does not include North)|
1,088,503 (whole island)
|117/km2 (303.0/sq mi) (115th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
low · 19th
|HDI (2011)|| 0.840|
very high · 31st
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||CY|
The Republic of Cyprus is a member state of the European Union. Although it is situated in Asia, Cyprus is often associated with Europe because of the culture and history of the people. The capital of the Republic is Nicosia. Most of the population speaks Greek and Turkish.
In July 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and since then the northern part of the island is under Turkish control. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus gained independence in 1983 but its recognised only by Turkey. When entering by aeroplane, a short stop is made to an airport in mainland Turkey.
The present situation came about because Cyprus, historically Greek, was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1570–1914, though de facto the British administered it from 1878 until 1960. Likewise, Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire for several centuries. Negotiations for a unified island have been held several times without success.
In 2004 Cyprus joined the European Union and on 1 January 2008 Cyprus adopted the Euro, the single European currency. Northern Cyprus accepts Turkish lira, and sometimes the Euro or United States dollar.
There are two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range. Pedieos River is the longest on the island. The highest point on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404 ft).
The Republic of Cyprus is only on the southern two-thirds of the island (59.74%). The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the northern third (34.85%).
The Republic of Cyprus is a constitutional presidential republic. Each President is elected for a five-year term and has a considerable amount of power. Cyprus is the only member of the European Union that is governed by a presidential system of government. It is also one of few countries (Along with San Marino) to have had a democratically-elected communist government, in office from 2008 until 2013. The current governing party is the Democratic Rally.
- ↑ Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus : "The official languages of the Republic are Greek and Turkish" (Appendix D, Part 01, Article 3)
- ↑ "Cyprus" . The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
- ↑ "Total population as of 1 January" . Eurostat. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Cyprus" . International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- ↑ "EUROPA – The EU at a glance – Maps – Cyprus" . Europa (web portal). Retrieved 27 March 2009.
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