The Samani dynasty (Persian: سامانیان Sāmāniyān), also called the Samanid Empire, or simply Samanids (819–999) was a Tajik state and empire in Central Asia and Greater Iran. It is named after its founder Saman Khuda, who converted to Sunni Islam. He had been born a member of the Zoroastrian nobility. It was the first Persian empire in Greater Iran and Central Asia after the Sassanid Persian empire collapsed because of the Arab conquest.
- ↑ Encyclopedia Britannica, Online Edition, 2007, Samani Dynasty, LINK
- ↑ Ahmed Rashid, The Resurgence of Central Asia: Islam or nationalism?, (Oxford University Press, 1994), 166.
- ↑ Bernard Lewis, Historians of the Middle East, (Oxford University Press, 1962), 372.
- ↑ Encyclopaedic Historiography of the Muslim World, Ed. NK Singh, (Global Vision Publishing, 2003), 933.
- ↑ Islam after communism: religion and politics in Central Asia By Adeeb Khalid, pg. 148
- A historical atlas of Uzbekistan, By Aisha Khan, Published by The Rosen Publishing Group, 2003, ISBN 0823938689, 9780823938681, pg. 23;
- The Cambridge History of Iran, By Richard Nelson Frye, William Bayne Fisher, John Andrew Boyle, Published by Cambridge University Press, 1975, ISBN 0521200938, 9780521200936, pg. 164;
- The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, By Encyclopaedia Britannica Publishers, Inc. Staff, Encyclopaedia Britannica, inc, Published by Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1987, ISBN 0852294433, 9780852294437, pg. 891;
- The monumental inscriptions from early Islamic Iran and Transoxiana, By Sheila Blair, Published by BRILL, 1992, ISBN 9004093672, 9789004093676, pg. 27.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Shahmiri, Cyrus (2011). "The Samanid Empire - All Empires" . allempires.com. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
- ↑ The History of Iran By Elton L. Daniel, pg. 74
Categories: History of Afghanistan | History of Pakistan | Royal dynasties
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