Samanid dynasty

The Samani dynasty (Persian: سامانیانSāmāniyān), also called the Samanid Empire, or simply Samanids (819–999)[1] was a Tajik state[2][3][4][5] and empire[6] in Central Asia and Greater Iran. It is named after its founder Saman Khuda,[7] who converted to Sunni Islam.[8] He had been born a member of the Zoroastrian nobility. It was the first Persian empire in Greater Iran and Central Asia after the Sassanid Persian empire collapsed because of the Arab conquest.[7]


  1. Encyclopedia Britannica, Online Edition, 2007, Samani Dynasty, LINK
  2. Ahmed Rashid, The Resurgence of Central Asia: Islam or nationalism?, (Oxford University Press, 1994), 166.
  3. Bernard Lewis, Historians of the Middle East, (Oxford University Press, 1962), 372.
  4. Encyclopaedic Historiography of the Muslim World, Ed. NK Singh, (Global Vision Publishing, 2003), 933.
  5. Islam after communism: religion and politics in Central Asia By Adeeb Khalid, pg. 148
    • A historical atlas of Uzbekistan, By Aisha Khan, Published by The Rosen Publishing Group, 2003, ISBN 0823938689, 9780823938681, pg. 23;
    • The Cambridge History of Iran, By Richard Nelson Frye, William Bayne Fisher, John Andrew Boyle, Published by Cambridge University Press, 1975, ISBN 0521200938, 9780521200936, pg. 164;
    • The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, By Encyclopaedia Britannica Publishers, Inc. Staff, Encyclopaedia Britannica, inc, Published by Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1987, ISBN 0852294433, 9780852294437, pg. 891;
    • The monumental inscriptions from early Islamic Iran and Transoxiana, By Sheila Blair, Published by BRILL, 1992, ISBN 9004093672, 9789004093676, pg. 27.
  6. 7.0 7.1 Shahmiri, Cyrus (2011). "The Samanid Empire - All Empires" . Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  7. The History of Iran By Elton L. Daniel, pg. 74

Categories: History of Afghanistan | History of Pakistan | Royal dynasties

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