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Transnistria




Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic


  • Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ (Moldovan)
    Republica Moldovenească Nistreană

  • Приднестровская Молдавская Республика (Russian)
    Pridnestrovskaja Moldavskaja Respublika

  • Придністровська Молдавська Республіка (Ukrainian)
    Prydnistrovsĭka Moldavsĭka Respublika
Flag
Emblem
Anthem: 
Мы славим тебя, Приднестровье (Russian)
My slavim tebja, Pridnestrovje  (transliteration)
We sing the praises of Transnistria

StatusUnrecognised state
Recognised by the United Nations as de jure part of Moldova
Capital
and largest city
Tiraspol
Official languages
Inter-ethnic
language
Russian[2][3][4]
Ethnic groups
(2015 census)
Demonym(s)Transnistrian, Pridnestrovian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Vadim Krasnoselsky
• Prime Minister
Aleksandr Martynov
• Speaker of the Supreme Council
Alexander Shcherba
LegislatureSupreme Council
Partially recognised state
• Independence from SSR of Moldova declared
2 September 1990
• Independence from Soviet Union declared
25 August 1991
• Succeeds the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
5 November 1991[5]
• Transnistria War
2 March – 21 July 1992
• Recognition
3 non-UN membersc
Area
• Total
4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.35
Population
• 2018 estimate
469,000[6]
• Density
114/km2 (295.3/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2007[7] estimate
• Total
US$1.0 billion
• Per capita
US$2,000
CurrencyTransnistrian rubled (PRB)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Calling code+373e
Internet TLDnonef
  1. Russian is the main official language.
  2. The Romanian language written in Cyrillic script is officially called Moldovan in Transnistria.
  3. Limited to the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, Republic of Artsakh and South Ossetia (see Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations).
  4. Moldovan leu used in those areas under Moldovan control and in the security zone.
  5. +373 5 and +373 2.
  6. .md and .com are mostly used TLDs here, some companies uses .ru as well.

Transnistria, officially Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublica, PMR (short form: Pridnestrovie) is a partially-recognized state in Eastern Europe.

The country is recognized by three other partially or unrecognized states, Abkhazia, Nargorno-Karabakh Republic, and South Ossetia. The country declared independence from Moldova on 2 September 1990. With the help of the Russian army, it defeated the Moldovan army in the War of Transnistria.

There has been peace since 1992, but the Council of Europe calls Transnistria a "frozen conflict" region.

There is argument about whether it is really a country or not. The region continues to boast independence, and acts independently over its territory with the help of peacekeeping forces from foreign countries.

In a vote in 17 September 2006, 97% voted to be free from Moldova. This vote has not been accepted by Moldova, which calls the territory the "Territory of the Left Bank of the Dniester".

Transnistria is the only independent soviet state in the world. It still uses the hammer and sickle on its flag.[8]

References


  1. "Конституция Приднестровской Молдавской Республики" . Официальный сайт Президента ПМР.
  2. "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova" . OSCE. 14 July 2011.
  3. "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the Functioning of Languages on the Territory of the Moldavian SSR" . U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016.
  4. "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)" . KORRESPONDENT. 6 April 2013.
  5. The Supreme Soviet changed the official name of the republic from Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic on 5 November 1991. See: "Postanovlenie verkhovnogo soveta Pridnestrovskoi Moldavskoi Respubliki ob izmenenii nazvaniia respubliki," Dnestrovskaia pravda, 6 November 1991, 1.
  6. Populația Transnistriei a scăzut cu 14,3 la sută Archived 3 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  7. https://web.archive.org/web/20130616004647/http://www.vspmr.org/Upload/File/doklad2007.rar
  8. http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20131212-bribery-and-brandy-in-a-country-that-doesnt-exist











Categories: Moldova | Unrecognized countries








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